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Variation in biochemistry test results between annual wellness visits in apparently healthy Golden Retrievers

Unity Jeffery, Nick D Jeffery, Kate E Creevy, Rod Page, Melissa J Simpson. J Vet Intern Med, 35(2): 914-924 (2021).

Annual wellness testing is widely recommended for apparently healthy dogs, but there is little data to assist with distinguishing normal variation from clinically important changes. The objective is to define variability in biochemistry analytes between annual wellness tests in healthy Golden Retrievers.